Further education concerns in the United States began with the authoring of A Nation at Risk in 1983. This publication asserted that schools throughout the United States were failing. The report highlighted various studies that supported students in the United States were under achieving on national and international scales. A Nation at Risk ignited reform efforts throughout public schools receiving federal funds in an effort to increase achievement (United States, 1983).
In 2002, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act was reauthorized with bipartisan support. The name given was No Child Left Behind. This reauthorization was under the guidance of President George Walker Bush. President Bush intended to eliminate the achievement gap among underserved groups of students. The No Child Left Behind legislation ramped up accountability on all District's served with federal funds (http://www.wed.gov/esea). This accountability included the implementation of statewide assessments that measured student achievement in a disaggregated format. The disaggregation of the data provided comparison measures of socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and disability (http://www.ed.gov/esea). Achievement results were to be reported to the public after data was released.
Although accountability has its place, opponents have consistently applied pressure on legislatures to eliminate assessment requirements of these legislative actions. On December 10, 2015 the United States signed into law the Every Student Succeeds Act. This reauthorization of ESEA had some appropriate adjustments, however, it did not go far enough to bring into balance two important components of a child's education, achievement AND creativity.
For a look at comparative data between ESSA and NCLB, click here.
The federal government and citizens of the United States have applied extreme focus on accountability since 1965. Starting in 2002 that focus was applied to standardized assessments. In Minnesota, students take the Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments each spring. The final results of these assessments arrive in districts the following fall. School districts throughout the State are then "graded" on their achievement results and progress. Parents and community members are provided the results through website postings, newspaper articles and mailings. Although accountability and communication are important, it is my firm belief that we need to reprioritize for our students' sake. In an effort to save you time from further reading, I have provided bullet points below in support of my argument for efficiency purposes:
- We need to move from one test for accountability to a system of balanced assessments that inform instruction and track growth.
- We need to move from a heavy focus on achievement data to a balanced blend of creativity, rigor, and results.
- We need to move from academic rich preschool environments to engaged play based classroom instruction and learning.
- We need to move from the regurgitation of facts to sustained learning.
- We need to move from the factory model of education to a personalized practice.
- We need to move from highlighting student achievement only to the development of the whole child.
- We need to move from isolation to sustained collaboration and connectivity.
- We need to move from skepticism of public education to trusting our well prepared and motivated teachers and administrators.
- We need to move to a balanced system of creativity and achievement.
Obviously we want to ensure our students learn at high levels and leave our schools exceptionally prepared to enter college or careers. However, I believe this can be achieved by balancing our systems to ensure all students are provided with what they need. If we can partner in this effort to transform our educational practice, I believe the students at Janesville-Waldorf-Pemberton will be eternally grateful for the education we provided them.
The video below was prepared by Sir Ken Robinson and is a nice depiction of current systems of reality in the United States. This video is a bit lengthy (11 minutes and 41 seconds) but well worth the time. Enjoy!
Here are some other interesting pieces to consider: